FLORIO, John

(c. 1553-1625)
John Florio, a scholar and linguist, is known primarily for his translation of Michel de Montaigne's* Essais and for his affiliation with the circle of the earl of Southampton, William Shakespeare's* patron. Florio was the son of Mi­chelangelo Florio, an Italian Protestant refugee who moved to England and be­came the tutor of Lady Jane Grey.* John was born in London, but shortly after his birth, he and his parents were forced into exile on the Continent when the Catholic queen Mary I* ascended the English throne. John Florio later returned to England, attended Oxford, and published two widely used Italian grammars, Florio His Firste Fruites (1578) and Florios Second Frutes (1591). In 1598 Florio published the work that guaranteed his reputation as a scholar: his im­pressive Italian-English dictionary, A World of Wordes, a revised edition of which appeared in 1611 as Queen Anna's New World of Words.
Florio was also the Italian tutor of the earl of Southampton when the earl began to function as patron for Shakespeare. It was in this capacity that Florio most likely came to know of Shakespeare. Literary scholars have noted Shake­speare's indebtedness to Florio's linguistic works and translations, but it has also been suggested that Shakespeare lampooned Florio in the character of Hol-ofernes, the pedantic scholar in Love's Labour's Lost.
Florio's other notable achievement is his 1603 translation of Montaigne's Essais. This translation is still widely read and used by Montaigne scholars. There are more recent translations of Montaigne's essays, most notably that of Donald Frame, but many continue to use Florio's translation. Florio's contri­butions to the culture and life of the sixteenth century are therefore quite sig­nificant in that Florio's name is associated with two of the leading figures of his century.
Bibliography
F. Yates, John Florio, 1934.
Jeffrey A. Bell

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Florio, John — ▪ English lexicographer also called  Giovanni Florio   born c. 1553, London died c. 1625, Fulham, near London  English lexicographer and translator of Montaigne.       Son of a Protestant refugee of Tuscan origin, Florio studied at Oxford. From… …   Universalium

  • Florio,John — Flo·ri·o (flôrʹē ō , flōrʹ ), John. 1553? 1625. English lexicographer noted for his Italian English dictionary (1598) and his translations of Montaigne s essays (1603). * * * …   Universalium

  • Florio, John — (ca. 1553 1625)    English author and teacher, best known for his Italian English dictionary, A World of Words (1598) and for his translations, notably the essays of Michel de Montaigne. He was born in London to a family of refugee Italian… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • FLORIO, JOHN —    the translator of Montaigne, born in London, of Italian parents; was a tutor of foreign languages for some years at Oxford, and in 1581 became a member of Magdalen College and teacher of French and Italian; published two works of a… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Florio, John — (1553? 1625)    Translator, s. of an Italian preacher, exiled for his Protestantism, but who appears to have lost credit owing to misconduct, b. in London, was, about 1576, a private tutor of languages at Oxf. In 1581 he was admitted a member of… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • John Florio — John Florio. John Florio (* 1553 in London; † 1625 in Fulham in London), italienisch Giovanni Florio, war ein englischer Übersetzer (von Montaigne) und Gelehrter der Elisabethanischen Zeit. Er war Sprachlehrer am Hof von Jakob I. und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Florio — John Florio, grabado por William Hole de la 2ª edición del Diccionario de Florio. John Florio, (1553 1625) fue un lexicógrafo y lingüista inglés famoso por sus traducciones de los Ensayos de Michel de Montaigne al inglés, así como por haber sido… …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Florio — (1553 1625), known in Italian as Giovanni Florio, was an accomplished linguist and lexicographer, a royal language tutor at the Court of James I, a probable close friend and influence on William Shakespeare. He was also the translator of… …   Wikipedia

  • Florio (disambiguation) — Florio may refer to:* James Florio (born 1937), 49th Governor of New Jersey * John Florio (1553 1625), accomplished linguist and lexicographer * Florio is the surname of a prominent Sicilian family, including ** Vincenzo Florio (1883 1959),… …   Wikipedia

  • John J. Degnan — (born October 6, 1944, West Orange, New Jersey) was the Attorney General of New Jersey from 1978 until 1981. He is currently vice chairman and chief operating officer of The Chubb Corporation.Degnan attended Our Lady of Lourdes Grammar School in… …   Wikipedia


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